Characteristics of the spatiform plant
Spathiphyllum is a houseplant, much appreciated for its glossy foliage and white flowers, very similar to calla lilies. It comes from tropical areas of the planet, so it loves a warm and perpetually humid climate. Watering must be very regular, especially during the spring and summer periods: the plants are watered at least once a week, but in some periods it is advisable to wet them every day. They don't like dry soil, especially if this condition lasts a long time; they also prefer a fresh and moist air, something that can be done by often vaporizing the foliage. During the winter period it is advisable to reduce the frequency of irrigation, but trying to keep the soil always slightly damp, but not soaked with water. The pots should be kept in a vase holder filled with expanded clay, which will always be kept moist, to increase the moisture dispersed in the air.
Grow the spatifillo
Spathiphyllum is a fairly simple plant to cultivate, provided it guarantees a fairly humid climate; does not like excessive heat, so it is advisable to avoid placing the vases near a fireplace or a radiator. During the warm months, with minimum temperatures above 18 ° C, they can be placed outdoors, so that they enjoy a cool and pleasant climate. The leaves are very decorative, but can happen to be ruined, especially in the apical area; in this case it is advisable to remove the entire leaf, starting from the base near the ground. In this way the plant is more pleasant from the aesthetic point of view and moreover the production of new foliage is stimulated. When the roots begin to come out of the holes in the vase, it is advisable to replace the container, choosing one that is slightly larger than the previous one; in fact, these plants do not like having large amounts of land available.
To fertilize the spatafillo
Spathiphyllum in nature lives in a soil consisting mainly of decomposing material, so it is used to having a good quantity of nutrients dissolved in the cultivated soil. It is therefore advisable to supply the fertilizer regularly, from April to September, mixing it with the water used for watering once every 15 days. If desired, fertilizers can be intensified, making them weekly, but halving the dose of fertilizer to be used. In the autumn and winter period it is necessary to suspend the fertilizations. After repotting it is possible to avoid providing fertilizer, since the soils available in the nursery already contain the mineral salts necessary for the life of the plant. After about 3-4 months from the repotting it will be possible to start using the fertilizer again.
Spathiphyllum: Pests and diseases
Spathiphyllum plants love to remain in locations that are not completely shaded all year round; they can receive short periods of direct sunlight, but only during the coolest hours of the day, or the heat could irreparably ruin the foliage and flowers. The position must however be slightly bright, in partial shade, otherwise the plant ceases to produce new floral buds. Spathiphyllum plants can be attacked by numerous pests, especially if grown all year round at home. Among the rosettes of leaves, in case of excessively dry climate, cochineals can be nested, which must be eradicated using special spray products: the treatment must be repeated at least a couple of times, to prevent the presence of adult insects. Root rot is a problem caused by a parasitic fungus that can affect the Spathiphyllum, especially if it is cultivated in a soil that is long soaked in water.