Fat plants

Fat plants

How to irrigate succulent plants

Succulent plants store water in their leaves, stems and roots. Although they are resistant to dry conditions, they need to be watered regularly. They must be irrigated abundantly, taking care to always empty the water that accumulates in the saucer. Before repeating the operation, the soil must dry completely. Checking once a week is recommended. A good quality of soil, mixed with a material such as perlite, helps to guarantee excellent drainage. Even the vases play their part: the holes protect the roots from excessive humidity. Succulent plants require more water at the beginning of spring when the plant is growing. The quantity is then reduced in summer and even more during the winter. During the cold months, when the light is weaker and most succulents are in a period of dormancy, the need for water decreases. In these cases, watering occurs only when the soil is completely dry. This could generally happen once a month. The frequency of irrigation also depends on the size of the vessel and the humidity it can contain.

How to take care of succulent plants

The ideal cultivation of succulents is the potted one. But they can be born and flourish everywhere with minimal effort. Their ease of growth and their adaptation makes them one of nature's most versatile beauties. Characterized by different colors, shapes and sizes, succulent plants are preferred to embellish gardens, balconies and home interiors. Cultivation in the garden can be practiced during the autumn and spring seasons. It is best to avoid the winter as it is usually too cold and wet. It is necessary to use a soil that allows easy drainage, and to guarantee frequent exposure to the sun. If you do not have a garden, the succulents are grown in pots and can find their place on a balcony, a terrace, on a veranda or even on a windowsill. Succulent potted plants require more protection from strong heat and extreme cold. They need a mix of soil and gravel to prevent the roots from rotting, and above all lots of sunlight.

Fertilize succulent plants

Succulents must benefit from a controlled release fertilizer during spring and summer, when they are actively growing. These plants are like a living sponge, they take what they need from the rain, but a perpetually wet ground will quickly mark their death. Like all plants, even succulents need nutrients to grow healthy and beautiful. They can get some important substances they need from the soil, but a fertilizer will help them to make them more full-bodied and with brighter colors. Fertilizers that are too strong could burn the roots, but small quantities of the product, used a few times a year, can contribute to the growth of succulent plants. Tea can be a natural alternative to fertilization. This is an absolutely non-harmful element that allows succulents to grow with thick, fleshy leaves and well-developed stems. Plants grown outdoors usually do not require fertilization because they can access nutrients in the soil. In case they need it, it is sufficient to apply, in spring, half of the recommended quantity of a slow release fertilizer.

Succulents: Diseases of succulents

Most species of succulent develop problems related to pests and diseases. If well cared for, the plant should grow well and remain healthy, but this may not occur when cultivation takes place in a climate that is different from that of its natural habitat. Pests and diseases strike without distinction in greenhouses, in gardens and in interior spaces. Most parasites can be defeated with appropriate treatments. However, some precautions can reduce the frequency with which the problem occurs. Many growers examine the general condition of the roots during repotting and check for parasites such as scale insects. A regular check can also be done during irrigation. In this way it will be easy to detect and treat diseases early, before serious damage is done. In any case, frequent cleaning could be useful, by removing dead leaves and flowers as quickly as possible. Generally the most common diseases are controlled by the use of insecticides, effective as they are absorbed by the plant, making its lymph poisonous to parasites.