Choice of hedges
In order to best choose the ideal hedge for our garden, it is necessary to carefully evaluate 3 factors: the type of soil we have, the purpose for which we want the hedge and how much time we will have available to take care of it later. The evergreen hedges, for example, are widely used because they guarantee an optimal yield in every season keeping the leaves always of the same color and therefore offering a kind of wall that remains thick all year round. If instead we prefer a hedge that is not only covering but above all decorative, then perhaps it will be better to focus on a flowering hedge that in spring will give us color and joy thanks to its wonderful flowers. The hedges of coniferous trees are widely used in Northern Italy: evergreens that stand out for their extraordinary compactness and density and also need only a few treatments which makes them suitable for those who have little time to take care of the garden.
Less used in an urban context, it is easy to find broadleaf hedges in the countryside or in large spaces because they are large notes. These types grow very quickly (in fact, think that they can even reach 5 meters in height) and have the characteristic of acting as a shield against the winter wind and against the rays of the summer sun, so they also represent a good shelter for various animal species. The most used plants for this type of hedge are the Chestnut, the Ash, the Willow, the Elm, the Platano, the Mulberry, the Beech, the Wild Cherry and the Poplar. Hardwood hedges, however, require not only a large area but also, and above all, a great deal of care and attention. In fact, numerous pruning treatments are provided to guarantee a good state of maintenance.
How to plant the hedge
After choosing the most suitable hedge for our needs, we can proceed with the planting. First you need to work the soil as per the nurseryman's instructions and then we dig a hole deep enough to contain the roots of our hedge. Usually the hedges supplied to us not yet at the optimal height must be planted with a distance between one and the other of about 80 cm or one meter, depending on the size of the hedge at the time of purchase. The next step will be the watering of the soil on which they were planted, taking care to get the water to the bottom. Once our hedge is regularly planted in our garden, we must proceed to the first pruning and then, with intervals that vary from plant to plant, perform subsequent pruning to keep them in order and functional.
Garden hedges: Functional purposes of the hedge
The hedges are not subdivided only by type of plant or evergreens, flowers, conifers or broad-leaved trees but there are many categories to which they can belong. Low or high for example: if low varieties are chosen it will be with the purpose of delimiting a space or separating one area from another. Higher typologies instead (and therefore above the 170-180 cm around) will have the function to create a wall with the outside and therefore to guarantee privacy besides to repair from the wind and from the pollution. They can also be divided according to the shape: vertical, free or obligatory. It is called vertical the form constituted by climbing plants, free when space is left to their natural form and finally obliged is that form in which we decide to intervene for embellishment or decorum. Hence the main purposes of garden hedges can be embellishment, pollution abatement as many of them are able to capture the fine dust that remains in the leaves, shield against the wind and finally defense against onlookers and ill-intentioned thanks to the thorns of some plants.