Caserta Palace: the palace
Everyone knows that the royals are sometimes capricious children. For example, in 1750, Charles of Bourbon decided that it was time to have a palace that did not look disfigured in front of that of Versailles and the royal palace in Madrid - where he had grown up. From this desire to show the world its power comes the magnificent project of Luigi Vanvitelli, to date the largest royal palace (by extension and volume) in the world. The building itself consists of five floors that extend over approximately 47000 mІ. The project's perspective work is impressive: the entire optical tension is related to the waterfall in the garden, the vanishing point and focal point of the entire complex. The approximately 1200 rooms are illuminated by 245 windows and connected to each other by about 56 stairs: a baroque masterpiece.
Royal Palace of Caserta: Italian garden
The garden designed by Vanvitelli for the royal residence of Caserta is imposing and elegant. It covers an area of 120 hectares and is divided into two parts: the Italian garden and the English one. These two botanical portions are connected by a series of splendid mythological-themed fountains: the most famous are certainly those that reproduce the events of Diana and Actaeon (dominated by the famous waterfall) and of Venus and Adonis. Numerous fish live in bodies of water - above all carps and carassids - and vegetate interesting species of aquatic plants. The Italian garden - in the northern part - is composed of the Peschiera Grande, an artificial body of water in which naval battles were organized: the games pavilion of the sovereign.
Caserta Royal Palace: English garden
Maria Carolina of Habsburg and Lorraine (consort of Ferdinand IV) decided to commission what will then be called inside the Royal Park of Caserta, the English garden. The botanical architect John Graefer (German but of London training) has therefore created for her this romantic and somewhat decadent glimpse. According to the canons of this type, the composition of the flora - evergreens arrived from all over Italy - had to be in a false random disorder, in order to make the landscape look as natural as possible, although enriched by small structures of neo-classical and romantic style . We remember with pleasure that together with the Vanvitelli aqueduct and the Palazzo, these two gardens are UNESCO heritage and are a strength of Italian art.
Royal Palace of Caserta: Royal Palace of Caserta: visits and times
The complex of the Royal Palace of Caserta is entirely open to visitors. There are four routes available that wind through the rooms of the building: route A mainly includes a visit to the apartments, the art gallery and the chapel; route B is a specific visit to the "Picture Gallery" where the unpublished paintings are exhibited; route C is by reservation only and includes a visit to the elliptical vault of the Scalone d'Onore and the attics. From here, then, you will be able to access - again by appointment - to route D, which offers a look at the decorative arts of the building. As for the gardens, they can be visited freely within the generic temporary restrictions of the complex. The closing day is always Tuesday - along with some holidays (consult the official website): prices range from 7 to 15 euros, depending on the route chosen.